nū, rājanū, & rūjanū

nuu

nū

The modifier nÅ« refers to the observer’s side of something, so something in front of something else. This makes nÅ« partially synonymous with hāl. The difference is that nÅ« refers to the observer’s position, and hāl does not. If something has an obvious front, then use hāl, otherwise use nÅ«. So, rā NP nÅ« is to this side of NP and rÅ« NP nÅ« is from this side of NP.

raajanuu

rājanū

rājanÅ« is rā NP nÅ« without a specified location, and so means ‘to this side’.

ruujanuu

rūjanū

Likewise rÅ«janÅ« is rÅ« NP nÅ« without a specified location, and so means ‘from this side’.