Sentence 1, part 2

Tena ni aɬudan ni loho tɛŋɛteya dusena ŋɛha—da daɬo ɛnnavi baŋi tɛndɛ kɨtlɛ na dɛmɛ—na dona nɛn lude kyala dantɨŋe.

An argument is being had by the north wind and the sun with each other—it is which of the two is stronger—when a traveler with a warm cloak came along.

The second part of the sentence, between the —’s, is a compound clause consisting of a main clause da daɬo – with a subclause ɛnna baŋi tɛndɛ kɨtlɛ na dɛmɛ in the D role.

The verbs in these clauses have the same meaning, but differ in the types or shapes of subjects that they allow. Daɬa ((S) A –– (D)) requires horizontal or abstract subjects. Tɛndɛ ((S) A(D)) will take any subject that is not better served by daɬa or sɛdɛ ((S) A | (D), which takes vertical or human subjects). Here are the paradigms for all three of these verbs.

imperfect [imp] perfect [prf] iterative [itr]
visual [vis] / Ø tɛndɛ tɛttɛ tɛnna
non-visual [nvs] tɛppi otɛppɛ tɛppena
inferred [inf] tɛlli otɛllɛ tɛllena
reported [rep] tɛndo otɛttɛ tɛndena
visual [vis] / Ø sɛdɛ sɛttɛ sɛnna
non-visual [nvs] sɛppi osɛppɛ sɛppena
inferred [inf] sɛlli osɛllɛ sɛllena
reported [rep] sɛdo osɛttɛ sɛdena
visual [vis] / Ø daɬa dattɛ danna
non-visual [nvs] dappi odappɛ dappena
inferred [inf] dalli odallɛ dallena
reported [rep] daɬo odattɛ daɬena

There are no new nouns in these clauses.

There are two pronouns: da and baŋi. Da is a pronoun for class 4 nouns. Here are all of the third person pronouns for all four classes of nouns.

motile sg motile pl sessile sg sessile pl
1 ma manna meya mannavi
2 ha hanna haya hannavi
3 dɨdɛn dɨdiya di dɨdi
4 deya dɨdiya da dayi

Baŋi is like ŋɛha in that it does not inflect for noun class, motility, or number. It is an interrogative pronoun, and so is best glossed as who or which.

Ɛnnavi as a sessile plural adjective and the modifier [mod] na more modifying the adjective kɨtlɛ points to this being a comparative construction. The standard is the sessile source, and the parameter/adjective is the destination. The comparee is of course the subject.

Dɛmɛ marks doubt or an open question.

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