Test Sentences, 46

Continuing with Gary’s list:

  1. Many little girls with wreaths of flowers on their heads danced around the bonfire.

Now that is a fun subject. With a serial predicate, at least in sodna-lɛni.

Let’s start with the predicate. The girls are dancing and they are doing it around the campfire. (Campfire, bonfire, no diff, ok?) So they tɨŋi gyadad “go to dancing” and they nokili nolako dugaŋya “close to the campfire surroundingly”. And look, a verb of motion we haven’t used yet! kili in its most basic form means to go by a location rather than to a location. The girls aren’t in the campfire, they’re by it. Prefixing kili with noya means that they are close by it.

Now for the subject. The actual subject is many little girls. The rest is modifying that subject is one big phrase (or rather series of phrases). We can do that!

68. aŋo lakina ɨsna mavna olana ha nada bɛɬɛn da maladi otni gyadadi nokɨtti nolako dugaŋya dɛstɛ.

aŋo
many
lakina
girl.MTpl
ɨsna
little.MTpl
mavna
3p.MTpl
olana
head.MTpl
ha
PS
nada
each
bɛɬɛn
wreath.SSsg
da
PS
maladi
flower.SSpl
otni
tɨŋi.PRF
gyadad
dancing.SSpl
no-
close to
kɨtti
kili.PRF
nolako
campfire.SSsg
dugaŋya
surroundingly
dɛstɛ
I’m told

In Kēlen:

68. ñi malāki mīñi nā ma la sōlle pa jawāeli jamāli rū janāola āñ ānen anjāra;

ñi
NI
malāki
girls
mīñi
little
many
ma
who
la
LA
sōlle
their heads
pa
PA
jawāeli
rings
jamāli
flowery
RU
janāola
campfire
āñ
around
ānen
with
anjāra
dancing

Questions?