Test Sentences, 10

Continuing with Gary’s list:

  1. Go away!
  2. Let’s go!
  3. You should go.
  4. I will be happy to go.

Right. Generic “go” is usually tɨŋi, though “go away” is pÉ›si. But pÉ›si requires a source, so “go away from S”. The source is often susi “here, there”.

26. susi pɛsi ka

susi
S
here
Ø
A
(you)
pɛsi
V
pɛsi.IMP
ka
CMD
!

Go away from here! or Get away from here!

But,

26. tɨŋi dupɛsya ka

Ø
A
(you)
tɨŋi
V
tɨŋi.IMP
dupɛsya
ADV
far away
ka
CMD
!

Go away!

also works. The rest of the sentences also use tɨŋi.

27. leni tɨŋi ki.

leni
A
1P.MTco
tɨŋi
V
tɨŋi.IMP
ki
HRT
!

Let’s go.

28. ŋidi tɨŋi dɛstɛ ki.

Å‹idi
A
2P.MTsg
tɨŋi
V
tɨŋi.IMP
dɛstɛ
EVI
REP
ki
HRT
!

You should go.

Evidentials are generally not used with commands and suggestions, but using the reported evidential dɛstɛ here with hortative ki makes this a polite suggestion.

29. lene tɨŋi andabalya dɛga.

lene
A
1P.MTsg
tɨŋi
V
tɨŋi.IMP
andabalya
ADV
happily
dɛga
MDL
FUT

I will be happy to go. / I will go happily.

In KÄ“len:

26. ñi rūjapēxa ka;

ñi
NI
rūjapēxa
go away
ka
CMD

27. ñanna rū þō cī;

ñ-
NI
anna
1Ppl.incl.A
rū
from
þō
here
cī
HRT

28. ñarra rū þō cī;

ñ-
NI
arra
2Psg.A
rū
from
þō
here
cī
HRT

29. rēha ñalla rū þō ānen anālne.

rēha
FUT
ñ-
NI
alla
1Psg.A
rū
from
þō
here
ānen
with
anālne
happiness

Questions?