Continuing with the first sentence of 18th Conlang Relay Text:
Ã±i jakÄellÄ«Ã± jarÄ“spe sÅ« janÅ«wa Ä«;
The next word is the stative noun anrÄ“spe in inanimate singular to modify jakÄellÄ«Ã±. anrÄ“spe refers to motion in place, and does not further specify what type of motion, only that something is in one place and there is motion. Ã±i jakÄellÄ«Ã± jarÄ“spe then is saying that the kÄellÄ«Ã± has changed its state to moving-in-place. Or, “the kÄellÄ«Ã± was stirring”.
The modifier ÄÃ± is related to the word jÄÃ±a, “middle”, So, ÄÃ± generally concerns itself with middle-ness. Combined with the directional prepositions, rÄ and rÅ«, the concept becomes less clear. For example, rÄ NP ÄÃ± means, predictably, into the middle of NP or amid/amidst/among NP. If the NP is a large area, however, it can mean throughout NP. rÅ« NP ÄÃ±, in contrast, means around NP or surrounding NP. So, with rÄ, ÄÃ± denotes a space (NP) and the thing spoken of is inside that space, not near an edge, and possibly in multiple spots inside that space. With rÅ«, ÄÃ± again denotes a space (NP), but now the thing spoken of is specifically not inside that space, but rather outside of it, at multiple spots outside of it.
rÄjÄÃ± is rÄ NP ÄÃ± without a specified location, and so means ‘to the middle’, ‘to among’, or ‘throughout’.
Likewise rÅ«jÄÃ± is rÅ« NP ÄÃ± without a specified location, and so means ‘surrounding’ or ‘around’.
Ã±amma sÄim makkepÅlien rÄ anmÄrwi ÄÃ± pÄ“xa
They became scattered throughout the world.
[pÄ“xa is there for emphasis]
Ã±i sÄim rÅ« sÄen ÄÃ±;
They gathered around him.
Note: That’s it for motion and direction, for now anyway. Feel free to ask questions about anything I didn’t cover. Next up, kinship and clan words, for a bit. After that, I’m not sure. Leave me a suggestion.
The modifier mÄ“ refers to the inside of something. So, rÄ NP mÄ“ is into NP. The expected expression rÅ« NP mÄ“ is not used.
rÄjamÄ“ is rÄ NP mÄ“ without a specified location, and so means ‘into’. The expected expression rÅ«jamÄ“ is not used.
The modifier Ål refers to the top of something. This is related to the word sÅlle ‘head’. RÄ NP Ål is to the top of NP or over NP and rÅ« NP Ål is from the top of NP or from above NP.
rÄjÅl is rÄ NP Ål without a specified location, and so means ‘to the top’ or ‘over’.
Likewise rÅ«jÅl is rÅ« NP Ål without a specified location, and so means ‘from the top’ or ‘from above’.
The modifier Ä«r refers to the back of something. This is the same root as sÄ«ra. So, rÄ NP Ä«r is to the back of NP or to behind NP and rÅ« NP Ä«r is from the back of NP or from behind NP.
rÄjÄ«r is rÄ NP Ä«r without a specified location, and so means ‘to the back’.
Likewise rÅ«jÄ«r is rÅ« NP Ä«r without a specified location, and so means ‘from the back’ or ‘from behind’.