Test Sentences, 29

Continuing with Gary’s list:

  1. Yesterday the oldest girl in the village lost her kitten.

“Lost” is an adjective, and a kitten becomes lost iddɨse tɨŋi do. Now we just need to specify which kitten and when. When is easy. That is the adverb talondÉ›. Which kitten is a little more complex.

Let’s start with the girl’s kitten iddɨse ha laki. But not any girl, the oldest girl in the village. A girl in the village (or rather, of the village) is laki ma dÉ›spÉ›. That is the same possessive construction used for the girl’s kitten. That leaves “oldest”. The speakers of sodna-lÉ›ni don’t really care about relative age, but they do have other hierarchies, and the equivalent of the oldest girl would be the top girl. So one could say laki ola ma dÉ›spÉ› “the village’s top girl”.

Put this all together and we have:

51. iddɨse ha laki ola ma dɛspɛ otni do talondɛ dɛstɛ.

iddɨse
kitten.MTsg
ha
PS
laki
girl.MTsg
ola
top.MTsg
ma
PS
dɛspɛ
village.SSsg
otni
tɨŋi.PRF
do
lost.MTsg
talondÉ›
yesterday
dɛstɛ
REP

The village’s top girl’s kitten got lost yesterday {I’m told}.

In KÄ“len:

51. ñi jalāca ānen anhēna anānexa sū jakēste jatūmsemma jarō il talōnte;

ñi
NI
jalāca
girl
ānen
with
anhēna
age
anānexa
most
sū
in
jakēste
town
jatūmse
tūmse
-mma
hers
jarō
lost
il
while
talōnte
yesterday

Questions?